Project Proposal And Plan Proof Reading Services

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Project Proposal And Plan Proof Reading Services


Essentially, internet of things may be referred to as the interconnection of electronic devices over a network/ internet in order to facilitate the communication of such devices and transfer of information technology among them. It involves the process of amalgamating different software packages, actuators, hardware, and sensors among others to make up a full system capable of transferring and receiving data from other devices in a network (Miorandi, et al., 2012, p. 1516)


For the last five decades, there has been a significant change in the trend of technology as there are continuing inventions and innovation. This trend has substantially affected the way the world/ society operates, both positively and negatively. In other words, there is a discussion of whether internet of things has done more harm than good or the reverse is true (Stankovic, 2014, p.7).

Positively, internet of things has greatly improved and simplified the way things operate. This has been evidenced right from the way people from different cities purchase goods to the way communication is done. Actually, the world has been named a global village due to the fact that communication has been made instant which facilitates the economic and social aspect in the entire world (Vermesan, et al., 2011, p.40)

On the other hand however, internet of things has caused a high degree of insecurity among the users. According to the recent reports, there has been increasing cases of hacking, identity theft, cyber bullying, and immorality among the young, as well as financial losses (Granjal, Monteiro, & Silva, 2015, p.1312). Hacking can predominantly be understood as the practice in which a computer specialist accesses a particular data base without the knowledge of the owners. Many databases of different websites have been broken into and information stolen. An example of such cases include the 2014 case where, uber database was broken into and the data of over ten thousand customers and 3000 drivers were deleted. Further many bank clients are losing money every day due to theft of credit card information and identity theft. Identity theft is a situation where an individual presents himself/ herself in other person’s identity and all the transactions are made in the other person’s name/ identity. These have imperatively created a negative reputation on the impact of internet of things in the society (Gubbi, et al., 2013, p.1660)

Purpose Of The Study

From the rationale of the study in the preceding section, it can substantially be identified that there has been a continuous debate of whether the invention of internet of things (IOT) has positively or negatively impacted on the way cities and homes operate (Granjal, Monteiro, & Silva, 2015, p.1312). As reported from the research findings, scholars have had diversifying views on the contribution of internet of things, of which some concluded that it has positively influenced the society and yet on the other hand, others concluded from the negative side. In other words, the study intends to critically examine, analyze and evaluate the impact of internet of things in homes, cities and the society as a whole (Atzori, Iera, &Morabito, 2010, p.2804).

Research Questions

For purposes of collecting reliable and absolute facts regarding the impact of internet of things, the study makes use of smart research questions (Wu, et al., 2010, August, p.485). This will help in giving directions during the study. The research questions are as below;

1. In what ways has the introduction and adaptation of internet of things impacted on the ways in which homes and cities operate, as well as the society as whole?
2. What are the likely consequences that may arise as a result of the integration of internet of things in homes and cities?
3. In which ways can the negative effects of integrating internet of things in the daily operations of homes and cities be controlled or minimized?
4. How can the positive impact of adopting internet of things in homes and cities be improved?
5. What does the society expect the future trend of internet of things to be in relation to the way it will operate in homes and cities?

With the help of the preceding research questions, it is expected that the research will be critical and result oriented. It is important to note that the effectiveness of any research is typically dependent on how SMART the research questions are.

Conceptual Framework

The concept of internet of things has just not merged in the late 1990s as indicated in most literatures. Back in the mid-21st century, there already existed the interconnection of electronic devices inspired by Kurzweil where he articulated the principle/ law of accelerating returns which he based the intensification of technology in artificial intelligence (Granjal, Monteiro, & Silva, 2015, p.1312). These inventions and innovations were intended for information technology, communication, and biotechnology among other sophisticated functions. Since then time, the field of technology especially internet of things has undergone a significant series of change/ evolution. From the interconnection through wires to the invention of wireless technology which is capable of transferring information to very distant places(Granjal, Monteiro, & Silva, 2015, p.1312).

Moreover, the interconnection band width is even much faster with high level of reliability. This brings in the concept or the backbone of the world being a global village. With help of internet of things, confidential information communication has been made easy, fast, and economical (Gluhak, et al., 2011, p.60)

Although the idea of interconnection of electronic devices existed earlier, it is evidenced in many literature reports that the term “Internet of Things” gained its official name in 1994 and since then, the term has been put into use. Different colleges and learning institutions are offering it as an independent course due to its impact in the society ((Miorandi, et al., 2012, p. 1516). One of the biggest and largest invention in the interconnection of electronic devices was seen in the introduction of social media. The introduction of Facebook by mark-zuburg in 2004, twitter in 2006 and other social media platforms has seen the use internet of things (Kortuem, et al., 2010, p.50)

However, looking at the current trend in relation to the existing literature, it is forecasted that, the integration of artificial intelligence and internet of things will have a serious impact to in the next one hundred years. The performance of artificial intelligence machines when integrated with the technology of things, it is expected to surpass the performance of biological humans a billion times both in speed and efficiency (Yun, &Yuxin, 2010, June, p.70).


Research and system development methods

Due to the continuous integration of new technology into the existing, there is a consequent ongoing and increasing issues of discussion regarding the internet of things. This backdrops around how internet of things has affected, is affecting and how it will affect the society in the future. This is streamlined towards how positive or negative it will influence the society. This call for a critical and thorough research to establish the basic available facts and trends (Granjal, Monteiro, & Silva, 2015, p.1312).

Data collection

There are definitely many data collection methods used when conducting a research project. The data collection method however, depends on the type of research being conducted. This may be qualitative or quantitative research methods ((Lee, & Lee, 2015, p.431)

Nevertheless, this study intends to make use a mixed research methods which generally integrates and combines both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Different views have been provided by different scholars in regard to the research methods used when carrying out a study (Miorandi, et al., 2012, p. 1516). Some have highly recommended quantitative research method due to some of the strengths that backs up method and yet on the other hand, other scholars also recommended qualitative data collection method. This elucidates the intention of the researcher choosing a mixed data collection method. In the use of mixed research method, the following will be used to collect the data/ the raw facts (Khan, et al., 2012, p.60).


In regard to the research objectives, the researcher will conduct an interview of different individuals of find out the way they perceive “internet of things” and its impacts. This will engage personalities from different fields of the society i.e.Those using internet of things in offices, homes, towns and allover. The population sample will be gathered through selective sampling.


This will engage in designing open ended questions in which the views of different personalities will be collected. The questionnaire will have collaborative questions with the research aims and objectives (Miorandi, et al., 2012, p. 1516)

Ethical issues

With regard to the earlier highlight, the adaptation of internet of things has maneuvered the way in which people in the society. A lot of cases have been reported regarding the misuse of internet of things among which included cyber bullying, hacking, identity theft, and theft among others ((Lee, & Lee, 2015, p.431).

The research study will therefore emphasize on the compliance to the available communal ethical decision making codes of conduct. This will include offering priority attention to the confidentiality of the included members involved in the research study. Furthermore, researchers will have to ensure that the study follows the established codes of conduct to avoid breaching of the ethical regulations (Ortiz, et al., 2014, p.206)

Compliance requirement

This will be aimed at preserving the rules and regulations in line with the codes of conduct of research study in a given institution or nation. In other words, the study will have to be conducted within the proximity of not defying any established guidelines or guidelines (Miorandi, et al., 2012, p. 1516)


After collecting data from the field of study, a critical examination, analysis and evaluation is undertaken so as to come up with the basic facts and reports of the research. This involves the use of different software packages for the manipulation, grouping and ratings, after which a conclusion can be drawn. It is from the conclusion that recommendations can be drawn (Lee, & Lee, 2015, p.431)

Project Plan


In the previous section, the study will be aiming at critically examining the impact of integrating internet of things in homes, cities and the society as a whole. The study will also aim am delivering the findings.

Pert Chart:

Data collection




Analysis of the research findings

Research kick starts


Identification of research problem

Submissionof final research




Review of research for weakness and amending











Identification of the research topic

5 days

Wed 9/12/18

Tue 9/18/18


Submission for approval

3 days

Fri 9/7/18

Tue 9/11/18


Kick-starting the research project

15 days

Fri 9/14/18

Thu 10/4/18


Submission of the progress report

5 days

Wed 9/26/18

Tue 10/2/18


Identifying research strengths and weaknesses

8 days

Mon 10/8/18

Wed 10/17/18


Research analysis

7 days

Tue 10/23/18

Wed 10/31/18


Reporting of the research findings

10 days

Tue 11/6/18

Mon 11/19/18


Submission of the final report

8 days

Mon 8/6/18

Wed 8/15/18


Risk analysis:

It is typically true that risks are inevitable in any project. This makes it imperative to conduct a risk analysis for any project to be executed. By so doing, mitigation of such uncertainties may be reduced, avoided or transferred. The research study will therefore engage in risk analysis to critically identify the possible shortcomings and possible solutions put forth. This will help in minimizing the impact of the risks and hence giving chance for the project success (Miorandi, et al., 2012, p. 1516).

Gantt Chart:


1. Atzori, L., Iera, A., &Morabito, G. (2010). The internet of things: A survey. Computer networks54(15), 2787-2805.
2. Gluhak, A., Krco, S., Nati, M., Pfisterer, D., Mitton, N., &Razafindralambo, T. (2011). A survey on facilities for experimental internet of things research. IEEE Communications Magazine49(11), 58-67.
3. Granjal, J., Monteiro, E., & Silva, J. S. (2015). Security for the internet of things: a survey of existing protocols and open research issues. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials17(3), 1294-1312.
4. Gubbi, J., Buyya, R., Marusic, S., &Palaniswami, M. (2013). Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions. Future generation computer systems29(7), 1645-1660.
5. Khan, R., Khan, S. U., Zaheer, R., & Khan, S. (2012, December). Future internet: the internet of things architecture, possible applications and key challenges. In Frontiers of Information Technology (FIT), 2012 10th International Conference on (pp. 257-260). IEEE.
6. Kortuem, G., Kawsar, F., Sundramoorthy, V., &Fitton, D. (2010). Smart objects as building blocks for the internet of things. IEEE Internet Computing14(1), 44-51.
7. Lee, I., & Lee, K. (2015). The Internet of Things (IoT): Applications, investments, and challenges for enterprises. Business Horizons58(4), 431-440.
8. Miorandi, D., Sicari, S., De Pellegrini, F., &Chlamtac, I. (2012). Internet of things: Vision, applications and research challenges. Ad hoc networks10(7), 1497-1516.
9. Ortiz, A. M., Hussein, D., Park, S., Han, S. N., &Crespi, N. (2014). The cluster between internet of things andsocial networks: Review and research challenges. IEEE Internet of Things Journal1(3), 206-215.
10. Stankovic, J. A. (2014). Research directions for the internet of things. IEEE Internet of Things Journal1(1), 3-9.
11. Vermesan, O., Friess, P., Guillemin, P., Gusmeroli, S., Sundmaeker, H., Bassi, A., ...&Doody, P. (2011). Internet of things strategic research roadmap. Internet of Things-Global Technological and Societal Trends1(2011), 9-52.
12. Wu, M., Lu, T. J., Ling, F. Y., Sun, J., & Du, H. Y. (2010, August). Research on the architecture of Internet of Things. In Advanced Computer Theory and Engineering (ICACTE), 2010 3rd International Conference on (Vol. 5, pp. V5-484). IEEE.
13. Yun, M., &Yuxin, B. (2010, June). Research on the architecture and key technology of Internet of Things (IoT) applied on smart grid. In Advances in Energy Engineering (ICAEE), 2010 International Conference on (pp. 69-72). IEEE.